Tuesday, 22 May 2012

ACT 341 FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988




Act 341
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988



Fire Services 1
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
edited : by azman

FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
Date of Royal Assent ... ... ... … … 11 May 1988
Date of publication in the Gazette … ... 9 June 1988
PREVIOUS REPRINT
First Reprint ... ... ... ... ... 2001
3
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 341
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Section
1. Short title and commencement
2. Interpretation
PART II
ADMINISTRATION
3. The Fire Services Department and its officers
4. Appointment of Auxiliary Fire Officers
5. Duties of Fire Services Department
6. Uniform and identification card
7. Exercise of powers and performance of duties
PART III
ABATEMENT OF FIRE-HAZARD
8. Fire-hazard abatement notice
9. Power of Director General to abate fire-hazard in vacant or unoccupied
premises
10. Offence of failing to comply with fire-hazard abatement notice
11. Power of Director General to abate fire-hazard on non-compliance with
fire-hazard abatement notice
12. Power of Director General to abate fire-hazard in cases of urgency
13. Closing order
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14. Appeals against closing order or refusal to make closing order
15. Disposal of property removed by Director General
16. Recovery of expenses incurred in carrying out work under section 11
17. Recovery of expenses incurred in carrying out work under section 12
18. Powers of Fire Officers on occasion of fire
19. Powers of Fire Officers in emergencies not involving fire
20. Protection of Fire Officers and Auxiliary Fire Officers
21. Loss by fire to include damage resulting from fire-fighting
PART IV
WATER AND FIRE HYDRANTS
22. Storage of water in premises for fire-fighting purposes
23. Notice of works affecting fire hydrants
24. Duty of water authority to notify the State Director of any action
affecting the flow of water to a fire hydrant
25. Power to fix fire hydrant location plates
26. Concealment and misuse of fire hydrants
PART V
FIRE CERTIFICATES
27. Power of Director General to determine and designate particular uses,
size, or location, of premises
28. Requirement of fire certificate
29. Application for, and issue of, fire certificate
30. Form of fire certificate
31. Prescribing of fees for the issue of fire certificate
32. Change of conditions affecting adequacy of life safety facilities, etc.
33. Offence in relation to fire certificate
34. Rights of appeal
35. Court’s power to prohibit or restrict use of certain premises
35A. Power of Director General to order activity to cease in cases of urgency
35B. Appeal against order of Director General to cease activity
36. Appeals against prohibitory order or refusal to make prohibitory order
Section
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PART VI
ENFORCEMENT
Section
37. Enforcement of Act
38. Power of entry
39. Restriction on disclosure of information
40. Power to arrest without warrant
41. Power of investigation
42. Power to require attendance of witnesses
43. Examination of witnesses
44. Conduct of prosecution
PART VII
ENQUIRIES INTO FIRES
45. Enquiries into fires
46. Taking possession of premises and other property damaged or destroyed
by fire
47. Unauthorized presence in premises possession whereof has been taken
under section 46
PART VIII
WELFARE FUND
48. Establishment of Fund
48A. Fire Services Department Welfare Fund Committee
48B. Moneys for Fund to be raised only with consent
49. Administration and application of Fund
PART IX
MISCELLANEOUS
50. Special duty and expenses thereof
51. Interfering with Fire Officers in execution of his duty
52. Failure to comply with direction
53. Unauthorized wearing of uniform
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54. Falsification of documents, false statements, etc.
55. Offences in respect of fire alarm
56. Giving of false report of fire
57. Offences by body corporate
58. General penalty
59. Compounding of offences
60. Power to apply Act to vessels and movable structures
61. Service of notices and other documents
62. Power to make regulations
63. Repeal
FIRST SCHEDULE
SECOND SCHEDULE
Section
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 341
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
An Act to make necessary provision for the effective and efficient
functioning of the Fire Services Department, for the protection of
persons and property from fire risks and for purposes connected
therewith.
[Throughout Malaysia
—1 January 1989, P.U. (B) 701/1988]
BE IT ENACTED by the Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan
Agong with the advice and consent of the Dewan Negara and
Dewan Rakyat in Parliament assembled, and by the authority of
the same, as follows:
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title and commencement
1. (1) This Act may be cited as the Fire Services Act 1988.
(2) This Act shall come into operation on a date to be appointed
by the Minister by notification in the Gazette; and different dates
may be appointed for the coming into operation of this Act, or of
different provisions of this Act, in Peninsular Malaysia, the State
of Sabah, and the State of Sarawak respectively.
Interpretation
2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—
“authorized officer” means the Director General and any Fire
Officer or Auxiliary Fire Officer authorized by the Director General
in writing to act under the provisions of this Act;
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“Auxiliary Fire Officer” means an Auxiliary Fire Officer appointed
under section 4;
“calamity” means an occurrence by which life or property is or
is likely to be endangered;
“closing order” means an order made under section 13 that
prohibits such use of any premises as is specified in the order, the
use of which may materially increase the likelihood of a fire or
the danger to life or property resulting from the outbreak of a fire
in or on the premises or other premises;
“Committee” means the Fire Services Department Welfare Fund
Committee established under section 48A;
“contravention” includes failure to comply, and “contravene”
has a corresponding meaning;
“court” means a court of a Magistrate of the First Class;
“designated premises” means premises the use, size, or location,
of which has been designated under section 27 for the purpose of
issuance of a fire certificate;
“Director” includes a State Director;
“Director General” means the Director General of Fire Services
appointed pursuant to subsection 3(2);
“fire certificate” means a fire certificate issued by the Director
General under subsection 29(4);
“fire-fighting equipment or fire safety installation” means any
equipment or installation for—
(a) extinguishing, fighting, preventing, or limiting a fire;
(b) giving warning of a fire;
(c) providing access to any premises or place or to any part
thereof for the purpose of extinguishing, fighting,
preventing, or limiting a fire;
(d) providing emergency power supply in the event of normal
power failure;
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(e) providing emergency lighting for purposes of escape from
buildings;
(f) giving direction towards an escape route or place of refuge;
or
(g) providing adequate, safe egress for the purpose of
evacuation or exit of occupants in the event of fire;
“fire-hazard” means—
(a) any unlawful alteration to any building such as might
render escape from any part thereof in the event of a fire
materially more difficult or less easy than it would be if
the alteration had not been made;
(b) the overcrowding of any place of public entertainment or
public gathering such as might render escape from any
part thereof in the event of a fire difficult;
(c) any removal or absence from any building of any
fire- fighting equipment or fire safety installation that is
required by law to be provided in the building;
(d) the presence within or outside any building of any
fire-fighting equipment or fire safety installation or any
facility, installed in accordance with the requirement of
any written law or as required by the Fire Services
Department, that is not in efficient working order;
(e) inadequate means of exit from any part of a building to
any place, whether within or outside the building, that
provides safety to persons in the event of a fire; or
(f) any other matter or circumstance that materially increases
the likelihood of a fire or the danger to life or property
that would result from the outbreak of a fire, or that
would materially hamper the Fire Services Department
in the discharge of its duties in the event of a fire;
“Fire Officer” means a person employed in the Fire Services
Department to perform duties in the performance of which he is
required or permitted to wear a uniform;
“Fund” means the Fire Services Department Welfare Fund
established under section 48;
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“notice” means a notice in writing;
“owner”, in relation to any premises, means—
(a) the registered proprietor of the premises;
(b) if the registered proprietor of the premises cannot be
traced, his agent or trustee;
(c) if the registered proprietor of the premises is dead, his
legal personal representative;
(d) if none of the persons mentioned in paragraphs (a), (b)
and (c) exists, the person who for the time being is
receiving the rent of the premises, whether on his own
account or as an agent or trustee of another person or as
a receiver, or who would be receiving the rent if the
premises were let;
“premises” includes messuages, houses, buildings or part of a
building, lands, tenements, easements and hereditaments of any
tenure, whether open or enclosed, whether built on or not, whether
public or private, and whether maintained or not under statutory
authority;
“prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made under
this Act;
“Senior Fire Officer” means a Fire Officer of any rank from and
including that of Director General down to and including that of
Assistant Superintendent;
“special duty” means any duty or service rendered by any
authorized officer, other than fire-fighting or emergency duties, as
authorized by the Director General under section 50;
“State”includes the Federal Territory;
“State Director”means a Director of Fire Services appointed for
a State pursuant to subsection 3(3);
“this Act” includes regulations and other subsidiary legislation
made under this Act;
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“vessel” includes every kind of steam or sailing vessel, hulk,
junk, boat, sampan or any kind of raft used for the conveyance of
persons or things by water or for storage;
“water authority” means any person or body who is authorized
or required under any written law to supply water and to levy
charges for such supply.
PART II
ADMINISTRATION


The Fire Services Department and its officers
3. (1) There shall be a Fire Services Department of the Federation.
(2) There shall be a Director General of Fire Services and such
number of Deputy Directors General of Fire Services, Assistant
Directors General of Fire Services, Directors of Fire Services, and
other Senior Fire Officers and Fire Officers as may be necessary
for the effective and efficient functioning of the Department.
(3) There shall be a Director of Fire Services for each of the
States of Malaysia.
(4) The appointment of the Director General and of every Deputy
Director General, Assistant Director General, and Director shall
be notified in the Gazette.
(5) Every Fire Officer shall be subject to the control and direction
of the Director General.
(6) The ranks of Fire Officers and Auxiliary Fire Officers are
as set out in the Second Schedule.


Appointment of Auxiliary Fire Officers
4. (1) The Director General may, with the concurrence of the
Minister, appoint such number of Auxiliary Fire Officers for each
State on such terms and conditions as may be prescribed.
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(2) Auxiliary Fire Officers shall not be paid any remuneration
other than such allowances as the Minister may, with the concurrence
of the Minister of Finance, prescribe.
(3) Auxiliary Fire Officers shall be subject to the immediate
control and direction of the respective State Directors.
(4) An Auxiliary Fire Officer shall be deemed to be a public
servant within the meaning of the Penal Code [Act 574].


Duties of Fire Services Department
5. (1) The duties of the Fire Services Department shall include—
(a) the taking of lawful measures for—
(i) extinguishing, fighting, preventing, and controlling
fires;
(ii) protecting life and property in the event of a fire;
(iii) securing the provision, maintenance, and proper
regulation of fire-escapes; and
(iv) securing the provision of adequate means of exit in
the event of fire from all designated premises;
(b) the making of investigations into the cause, origin, and
circumstances of fires; and
(c) performing humanitarian services, including the protection
of life and property in any calamity.
(2) The Fire Services Department may, in addition to its duties
under subsection (1), perform such other duties as may be imposed
on it by law or as the Minister may direct it to perform.


Uniform and identification card
6. (1) Every Fire Officer and Auxiliary Fire Officer shall be
issued with uniform and rank markings as may be prescribed by
the Minister.
(2) Every Fire Officer and Auxiliary Fire Officer shall be issued
with an identification card in the prescribed form.
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Exercise of powers and performance of duties
7. (1) The powers and duties of the Director General under
subsections 4(1), 22(1), sections 29, 35A, 46 and 50 may, subject
to the control and direction of the Director General, be exercised
or performed by a State Director, but the exercise or performance
by a State Director of those powers and duties shall be confined
to the State for which he is appointed unless the Director General,
by notification in the Gazette, extends his jurisdiction generally
in respect of those powers and duties or any of them to some other
State or States or part thereof.
(2) Subject to the provisions of subsection (1) and subject to
such conditions or restrictions as the Director General thinks fit,
the Director General may, in writing, delegate the exercise of any
of his powers or the performance of any of his duties under this
Act to any Fire Officer, and where the Director General acts under
this subsection, he shall specify the territorial limits and the duration
of the delegated jurisdiction.
(3) The exercise of powers or the performance of duties delegated
under subsection (2) shall be subject to the control and direction
of the Director General.
PART III
ABATEMENT OF FIRE-HAZARD


Fire-hazard abatement notice
8. (1) The Director General, if satisfied of the existence in any
premises of any fire-hazard, may serve—
(a) on the person by reason of whose act, default, or sufferance
the fire-hazard arose or continues, if he is the occupier
of the premises at the time the notice is to be served; or
(b) if the person by reason of whose act, default, or sufferance
the fire-hazard arose or continues is not the occupier of
the premises at the time the notice is to be served or is
not known, on the owner of the premises; or
(c) if the owner of the premises cannot readily be ascertained
or found or is absent from Malaysia, on the occupier of
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the premises, regardless of whether he is the person by
reason of whose act, default, or sufferance the fire-hazard
arose or continues,
a fire-hazard abatement notice in Form A in the First Schedule,
requiring him to abate the fire-hazard within the period specified
in the notice, and to do all such things as may be necessary for
that purpose; and the notice may, if the Director General thinks
fit, specify any work to be executed for that purpose.
(2) If the Director General considers that the fire-hazard is
likely to recur, he may also, by the fire-hazard abatement notice
under subsection (1) or by a subsequent fire-hazard abatement
notice in Form B in the First Schedule, require the person on
whom the notice is served to do whatever is necessary for preventing
the recurrence of the fire-hazard to which the notice relates and,
if the Director General thinks it desirable, specify any works to
be executed for that purpose; and a notice containing such a
requirement may be served notwithstanding that the fire-hazard to
which it relates may for the time being have been abated.


Power of Director General to abate fire-hazard in vacant or
unoccupied premises
9. Where the premises in which the fire-hazard exists are vacant
or unoccupied, the Director General may, by force if necessary,
using the means at his disposal, abate the fire-hazard and do
whatever is necessary to prevent a recurrence thereof.


Offence of failing to comply with fire-hazard abatement notice
10. Any person who fails to comply with any requirement of a
fire-hazard abatement notice served on him pursuant to section 8
within the time specified in the notice, whether or not an order
under section 13 has been made in respect of him, shall be guilty
of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not
exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding three years or to both and shall also be liable to a further
fine of one hundred ringgit for each day during which the offence
is continued after the conviction.
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Power of Director General to abate fire-hazard on noncompliance
with fire-hazard abatement notice
11. Where a fire-hazard abatement notice has been served on any
person pursuant to section 8, and if that person fails to comply
with any of the requirements of the notice within the time specified
therein, the Director General may cause to be carried out in the
premises such work as appears to him to be necessary to abate the
fire-hazard and to prevent a recurrence thereof.


Power of Director General to abate fire-hazard in cases of
urgency
12. If the Director General is satisfied that any fire-hazard existing
in any premises—
(a) constitutes an immediate and substantial danger of fire
in the premises; or
(b) is likely, if a fire breaks out in the premises, to increase
substantially the risk to life or property that would normally
arise in the event of a fire,
the Director General may cause to be carried out in the premises
such work as appears to him to be necessary to abate the fire
hazard and to prevent a recurrence thereof.


Closing order
13. (1) Where a fire-hazard abatement notice has been served on
any person, if—
(a) that person fails to comply with any of the requirements
of the notice within the time specified therein; and
(b) the fire-hazard, although abated since the service of the
notice, is, in the opinion of the Director General, likely
to recur in the same premises,
and the Director General is of the opinion that it is necessary to
prohibit any use of the premises that may materially increase the
likelihood of a fire or the danger to life or property resulting from
the outbreak of a fire in or on the premises or other premises, the
Director General may, by way of a complaint, apply to a court for
a closing order.
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(2) Upon receipt of a complaint and an application for a closing
order under subsection (1), the court shall serve a notice in Form
C in the First Schedule on the owner or occupier of the premises,
or on both, calling on them to show cause why a closing order
should not be made; and if cause is not shown by either the owner
or occupier or both, the court may make such an order.
(3) A closing order shall be in Form D in the First Schedule
and shall be served on both the owner and occupier of the premises
in question.
(4) Upon the application by the owner or occupier of premises,
or upon being informed by the Director General, the court, if
satisfied that the premises in respect of which a closing order is
in force have been rendered suitable for the use specified in the
order, may revoke the closing order.
(5) Any person who without reasonable excuse knowingly
contravenes a closing order shall be guilty of an offence and shall,
on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding five thousand
ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years
or to both and shall also be liable to a further fine of one hundred
ringgit for each day during which the offence is continued after
the conviction.


Appeals against closing order or refusal to make closing order
14. (1) Any owner or occupier who is dissatisfied with the closing
order made under subsection 13(2) may, within ten days of the
making of the order, appeal to the High Court.
(2) Where the court refuses to make a closing order the Director
General may, within ten days of the decision of the court, appeal
to the High Court against the decision.
(3) An appeal against a closing order shall not operate as a stay
of execution, but the court may, on application and on sufficient
cause being shown, grant stay of execution on such terms as it may
think fit.


Disposal of property removed by Director General
15. (1) The Director General, in abating or doing what is necessary
to prevent the recurrence of a fire-hazard, may remove any property
which would directly cause a fire-hazard.
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(2) Any property removed under subsection (1) may be taken
into the custody of the Director General for a period not exceeding
seven days within which time the owner shall have the right to
claim such property upon payment of expenses incurred by the
Director General.
(3) Upon the failure of the owner to make a claim, the Director
General may apply to the court for an order for the sale or disposal
of such property.
(4) The money arising from the sale of any property may be
retained by the Director General and applied in payment of the
expenses incurred by him in connection with the abatement, or the
prevention of the recurrence, of the fire-hazard, and the surplus,
if any, shall be paid to the owner of the property.


Recovery of expenses incurred in carrying out work under
section 11
16. The expenses incurred by the Director General in carrying out
any work under section 11 shall be a debt due to the Government
and shall be recoverable in court from the person on whom the
fire-hazard abatement notice was served.


Recovery of expenses incurred in carrying out work under
section 12
17. (1) The expenses incurred by the Director General in carrying
out any work under section 12 shall be a debt due to the Government
and shall be recoverable in a court—
(a) from the person by reason of whose act, default, or
sufferance the fire-hazard arose or continued, if he was
the occupier of the premises at the time the work was
commenced;
(b) if the person by reason of whose act, default, or sufferance
the fire-hazard arose or continued was not the occupier
of the premises at the time the work was commenced or
is not known, from the owner of the premises; or
(c) if the owner of the premises cannot readily be ascertained
or found or is absent from Malaysia, from the occupier
18 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
of the premises at the time the work was commenced,
regardless of whether he is the person by reason of whose
act, default, or sufferance the fire hazard arose or continued.
(2) Nothing in this section shall be construed as affecting any
right that the person from whom expenses may be recovered under
subsection (1) may have to any contribution, indemnity, or damages
from any other person.


Powers of Fire Officers on occasion of fire
18. (1) On the occasion of a fire, a Fire Officer may—
(a) take such measures as appear to him to be necessary or
expedient for the protection of life and property;
(b) remove any person interfering by his presence or actions
with the operations of the Fire Services Department;
(c) enter, break into or through, and take possession of or
demolish, or cause to be taken possession of or demolished,
any premises, place, or thing for the purpose of putting
an end to the fire, or protecting the premises, place, or
thing from the fire, or for rescuing any person or thing;
(d) close any street near the site of the fire or control the
traffic or crowd in any such street;
(e) use any convenient supply of water.
(2) The powers conferred by subsection (1) may, to such extent
as may be necessary, be exercised where a fire is reasonably
believed to have broken out or to have occurred.


Powers of Fire Officers in emergencies not involving fire
19. On the occasion of an emergency not involving fire or the risk
of fire, the powers referred to in section 18 shall be exercised by
any Fire Officer if he is of the opinion that lives or property are
in imminent danger.


Protection of Fire Officers and Auxiliary Fire Officers
20. No Fire Officer or Auxiliary Fire Officer acting bona fide
under powers conferred by this Act shall be liable to any action
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for damages for any act done or omitted to be done by him in
connection with his duties on the occasion of a fire or any calamity.


Loss by fire to include damage resulting from fire-fighting
21. Any damage or loss suffered in consequence of any action
taken or thing done by a Fire Officer or Auxiliary Fire Officer in
the exercise of his powers or the performance of his duties on the
occasion of a fire, in order to put an end to the fire or to check
its progress, shall, notwithstanding the terms of any contract of
insurance against fire or the provisions of any law, be regarded
as loss by fire for the purposes of the contract.
PART IV
WATER AND FIRE HYDRANTS


Storage of water in premises for fire-fighting purposes
22. (1) The Director General may, for the purpose of ensuring
that there is adequate storage of water at suitable locations on the
premises, issue such directions to any person in control, or the
owner, of such premises, to provide facilities and water supply for
fire fighting purposes:
Provided that this subsection shall not apply to a water authority.
(2) Any direction issued under subsection (1) shall be made in
writing and shall be binding on the person to whom the direction
is given.
(3) Any person who fails to comply with any direction given
under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.


Notice of works affecting fire hydrants
23. (1) No person, other than a water authority and its agents,
shall commence or carry out, or authorize or direct the commencement
or carrying out of, any works that affect any fire hydrant or the
flow of water to it unless written notice of the proposals or intention
to carry out such works had been given by him to the appropriate
State Director at least seven days before the works are commenced:
20 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
Provided that in cases of emergency, where it is not practicable
for the notice to be given within the requisite time, this provision
shall be deemed to have been complied with if the notice is given
as soon as possible after the event.
(2) All fire hydrants shall be rendered in good working condition
upon the completion of any works carried out by any person under
subsection (1).
(3) Any works in or around the vicinity of a fire hydrant affecting
access to the fire hydrant, the position of the fire hydrant in
relation to the existing edge of the road, or alignment of the outlet
to the level of the road, shall be deemed to be works affecting a
fire hydrant.
(4) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) shall be
guilty of an offence.


Duty of water authority to notify the State Director of any
action affecting the flow of water to a fire hydrant
24. Where a water authority decides to take any action or do any
act or carry out any work that will or is likely to reduce or stop
the flow of water to any fire hydrant, it shall be the duty of the
water authority to notify the appropriate State Director in writing
of such decision as soon as possible after it is made.


Power to fix fire hydrant location plates
25. (1) Upon giving seven days’ notice in writing to the owner
of any property situated in the vicinity of a fire hydrant, the
Director General may cause a plate indicating the location of the
fire hydrant to be fixed to such part of the property as, in the
opinion of the Director General, is best suited to indicate such
location.
(2) Any person who refuses to allow the fixing of any such
plate as is referred to in subsection (1) or obstructs any person in
the course of the fixing thereof or removes or defaces any such
plate after it has been fixed shall be guilty of an offence.
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Concealment and misuse of fire hydrants
26. Any person who covers up, encloses, or conceals any fire
hydrant so as to render its location difficult to ascertain, or tampers
with any fire hydrant, or uses a fire hydrant other than for fire
fighting purposes shall be guilty of an offence.
PART V
FIRE CERTIFICATE


Power of Director General to determine and designate particular
uses, size, or location, of premises
27. (1) The Director General may by order published in the Gazette
determine and designate particular uses, size, or location, of premises
for the purpose of issuance of a fire certificate under this Act.
(2) Where a part of any premises constitutes designated premises
any other part of the said premises shall be treated as forming part
of the designated premises.


Requirement of fire certificate
28. (1) Every designated premises shall require a fire certificate.
(2) A fire certificate shall be renewable annually.
(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply to premises appropriated to,
and used solely or mainly for, public religious worship, or premises
consisting of or comprised in a house that is occupied as a single
private dwelling:
Provided that if in the opinion of the Director General there
exists in the premises mentioned in this subsection any fire hazard,
the Director General may require such premises to be subject to
periodic inspection and any necessary direction may be issued to
the owner of such premises for due compliance of the provisions
of this Act.
22 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341


Application for, and issue of, fire certificate
29. (1) An application for a fire certificate in respect of any
designated premises shall be made to the Director General in the
prescribed form.
(2) On receipt of an application for a fire certificate in respect
of any designated premises the Director General may require the
applicant, within a specified time, to furnish him with such plans
of the premises and any other relevant particulars as he may specify.
(3) If the applicant fails to furnish the required plans and the
relevant particulars within the specified time, the application shall
be deemed to have been withdrawn.
(4) Where an application for a fire certificate has been duly
made, the Director General shall cause to be carried out an inspection
of the designated premises, and on being satisfied that there exists
adequate life safety, fire prevention, fire protection and fire-fighting
facilities, as the case may be, in relation to the use of the designated
premises, the Director General shall issue a fire certificate in
respect of the premises subject to such conditions as he thinks fit
to impose or which may be prescribed.
(5) Where the Director General, after causing to be carried out
under subsection (4) an inspection of the relevant premises, is not
satisfied that there exists such adequate facilities in relation to the
use of the designated premises as aforesaid, he shall, by notice
served on the applicant, inform him of the requirements to be
complied with within a specified time before the fire certificate
can be issued to the applicant.
(6) In this section, “applicant” means the owner, occupier or
the person having the overall management of the designated premises.


Form of fire certificate
30. Every fire certificate issued in respect of any designated premises
shall be in the prescribed form.


Prescribing of fees for the issue of fire certificate
31. The Director General may prescribe the fees payable for the
issue of a fire certificate and the charges for the inspection of any
designated premises for which the certificate is issued.
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Change of conditions affecting adequacy of life safety facilities,
etc.
32. (1) So long as a fire certificate is in force in respect of any
premises, the Director General may cause any part of the relevant
premises to be inspected at any reasonable time for the purposes
of ascertaining whether there has been a change of conditions by
reason of which the life safety, fire prevention, fire protection and
fire-fighting facilities have become inadequate in relation to any
use of the premises covered by the certificate.
(2) Where the occupier of any designated premises proposes to
make a material change to the premises while a fire certificate is
in force in respect thereof, he shall, before the carrying out of the
proposals is begun, give notice of the proposals to the Director
General; and if the carrying out of the proposals is begun without
such notice having been given the occupier shall be guilty of an
offence.
(3) If the Director General is satisfied, as regards any premises
with respect to which a notice under subsection (2) has been given
to him, that the carrying out of the proposals notified would result
in any of the facilities mentioned in subsection (1) becoming
inadequate in relation to any use of the premises covered by the
relevant fire certificate, the Director General may by notice served
on the occupier inform him of the steps that would have to be
taken to prevent the facilities in question from becoming inadequate
in the event of the proposals being carried out, and if those steps
are duly taken in connection with the carrying out of the proposals,
the Director General shall amend the fire certificate or, on the
payment of the prescribed fee, issue a new one.
(4) If the Director General is satisfied, as regards any premises
with respect to which a fire certificate is in force, that any of the
facilities mentioned in subsection (1) have, in consequence of a
change of conditions, become inadequate in relation to any use of
the premises covered by the certificate, the Director General may
by notice served on the occupier—
(a) inform him of that fact and direct him to take such steps
as the Director General considers appropriate to make
the facilities in question adequate; and
(b) notify him that if those steps are not taken, the fire
certificate may be cancelled,
24 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
and if those steps are duly taken shall, if necessary, amend the fire
certificate or, on the payment of the prescribed fee, issue a new
one.
(5) Any person who fails to comply with the direction given
by the Director General under paragraph (4)(a) shall be guilty of
an offence.


Offence in relation to fire certificate
33. Where there is no fire certificate in force in respect of any
designated premises the owner of the premises shall be guilty of
an offence.


Rights of appeal
34. Any person who is aggrieved—
(a) by the refusal of the Director General to issue a fire
certificate under subsection 29(4);
(b) by the conditions imposed by the Director General on a
fire certificate issued to him; or
(c) by any decision made by the Director General under
subsection 32(3) or (4),
may, within twenty-one days of the notification of such refusal or
decision, appeal in writing to the Minister, whose decision thereon
shall be final.


Court’s power to prohibit or restrict use of certain premises
35. (1) If the Director General is satisfied with regard to any
premises, whether designated or not, that the risk to persons or
property in case of fire is so serious that, until steps have been
taken to reduce the risk to a reasonable level, the use of the
premises ought to be prohibited or restricted, the Director General
may, by way of a complaint, apply to a court for a prohibitory
order.
(2) Upon receipt of a complaint and an application for a
prohibitory order under subsection (1), the court shall serve a
notice in Form E in the First Schedule on the owner or occupier
Fire Services 25
of the premises, or on both, calling on them to show cause why
a prohibitory order should not be made; and if cause is not shown
by either the owner or occupier or both, the court may make such
an order prohibiting or restricting the use of the said premises.
(3) A prohibitory order shall be in Form F in the First Schedule
and shall be served on both the owner and occupier of the premises
in question.
(4) Upon the application by the owner or occupier of the premises
for revocation of the prohibitory order or upon being informed by
the Director General that the risks have been reduced to a reasonable
level, the court, if satisfied that the premises in respect of which
a prohibitory order is in force would not pose any serious risk to
person or property in case of fire, may revoke the prohibitory
order.
(5) Any person who without reasonable excuse knowingly
contravenes a prohibitory order shall be guilty of an offence and
shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand
ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or
to both and shall also be liable to a further fine of one hundred
ringgit for each day during which the offence is continued after
the conviction.


Power of Director General to order activity to cease in cases
of urgency
35A. (1) Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this Act, where
the Director General is satisfied that—
(a) any continued activity in any premises would constitute
an immediate danger of fire prejudicial to the safety of
life or property; and
(b) the delay in applying for and obtaining a prohibitory
order under subsection 35(2) would substantially increase
the risk to such life or property,
he may, by order, direct the owner or occupier of the premises to
cease such activity.
(2) An order to cease activity shall be in Form G and shall be
served on both the owner and occupier of the premises.
26 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
(3) Any person who fails to comply with an order of the Director
General made under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.


Appeal against order of Director General to cease activity
35B. (1) An owner or occupier who is dissatisfied with an order
to cease activity made by the Director General under subsection
35A(1) may, within ten days of the making of the order, appeal to
the High Court.
(2) An appeal against an order to cease activity shall not operate
as a stay of execution, but the court may, on application and on
sufficient cause being shown, grant a stay of execution on such
terms as it may think fit.


Appeals against prohibitory order or refusal to make prohibitory
order
36. (1) Any owner or occupier who is dissatisfied with the
prohibitory order made under subsection 35(2) may, within ten
days of the making of the order, appeal to the High Court.
(2) Where the court refuses to make a prohibitory order the
Director General may, within ten days of the decision of the court,
appeal to the High Court.
(3) An appeal against a prohibitory order shall not operate as
a stay of execution, but the court may, on application and on
sufficient cause being shown, grant stay of execution on such
terms as it may think fit.
PART VI
ENFORCEMENT


Enforcement of Act
37. It shall be the duty of the Director General to enforce the
provisions of this Act.
Fire Services 27


Power of entry
38. (1) An authorized officer may, together with such other persons
as the officer thinks necessary, enter any premises for the purpose
of—
(a) ascertaining whether there is, or has been, on or in
connection with the premises, any contravention of any
provision of this Act;
(b) obtaining such information concerning the premises as is
required for fire-fighting purposes, including the water
supplies available to or at the premises and the means of
access to such water supplies;
(c) ascertaining whether there exists any fire-hazard in or
affecting the premises;
(d) making any enquiry which he considers necessary in
relation to any matter within the provisions of this Act;
or
(e) exercising any power or performing any duty of the Director
General under any other written law, for the exercise or
performance of which no power of entry is given by such
law.
(2) No private dwelling shall be entered by virtue of this section
between the hours of seven in the evening and seven in the morning.
(3) Before entering any premises by virtue of this section, an
authorized officer shall display to the occupant thereof, if any, his
identification card and, in the case of an authorized officer other
than the Director General, the written authorization of the Director
General and it shall be lawful for the occupant of the premises to
deny entry to an authorized officer or to eject him from the premises
if, on demand by the occupant, he fails or refuses to produce the
said identification card, and, as the case may be, authorization.
(4) An authorized officer shall leave any vacant or unoccupied
premises that he has entered by virtue of this section as effectively
secured against trespassers as he found them to be at the time of
entry.
28 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341


Restriction on disclosure of information
39. Any person who discloses, otherwise than in the performance
of his duty or for the purpose of any legal proceedings, including
an arbitration, or for the purpose of a report at any such proceedings,
any information obtained by him in relation to any manufacturing
process or any trade, in the course of exercising powers conferred
upon him by this section shall be guilty of an offence.


Power to arrest without warrant
40. (1) Any authorized officer may without warrant arrest any
person—
(a) found committing an offence under section 47; or
(b) whom he reasonably suspects to have committed any
other offence under this Act if the person refuses to
furnish his name and address or furnishes an address out
of Malaysia or there are reasonable grounds for believing
that he has furnished a false name and address or that he
is likely to abscond.
(2) Where any person has been arrested pursuant to subsection
(1) by an authorized officer, the officer making the arrest shall
comply with section 28 of the Criminal Procedure Code [Act 593]
as if he were a police officer.


Power of investigation
41. (1) Any authorized officer shall have the power to investigate
the commission of any offence under this Act.
(2) Every person required by an authorized officer to give
information or produce any document or other article relating to
the commission of such offence which is in the person’s power to
give shall be legally bound to give the information or to produce
the document or other article.


Power to require attendance of witnesses
42. (1) An authorized officer making an investigation under section
41 may by order in writing require the attendance before himself
Fire Services 29
of any person who appears to the officer to be acquainted with the
circumstances of the case, and such person shall attend as so
required.
(2) If any such person fails to attend as so required, such
officer may report such failure to a Magistrate who may thereupon
in his discretion issue a warrant to secure the attendance of such
person as required by such order aforesaid.
(3) A person attending as required under subsection (1) shall
be entitled to be paid the reasonable travelling and subsistence
expenses incurred by him; and it shall be lawful for the Director
General to pay such expenses.


Examination of witnesses
43. (1) An authorized officer making an investigation under section
41 may examine orally any person supposed to be acquainted with
the facts and circumstances of the case.
(2) Such person shall be bound to answer all questions relating
to such case put to him by such officer:
Provided that such person may refuse to answer any question
the answer to which would have a tendency to expose him to a
criminal charge or penalty or forfeiture.
(3) A person making a statement under this section shall be
legally bound to state the truth, whether or not such statement is
made wholly or partly in answer to questions.
(4) An authorized officer examining a person under subsection
(1) shall first inform that person of the provisions of subsections
(2) and (3).
(5) A statement made by any person under this section shall,
whenever possible, be reduced into writing and signed by the
person making it or affixed with his thumb-print, as the case may
be, after it has been read to him in the language in which he made
it and after he has been given an opportunity to make any corrections
he may wish.
30 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341


Conduct of prosecution
44. Every authorized officer shall have the authority to appear in
court and conduct any prosecution in respect of any offence under
this Act.
PART VII
ENQUIRIES INTO FIRES


Enquiries into fires
45. (1) The Minister may appoint any person or persons to hold
an enquiry into the cause and circumstances of any fire and the
action taken to fight or extinguish the fire and to report on such
cause, circumstances, and action and make recommendations, on
the basis of the findings in the enquiry, as to the steps to be taken
to prevent the outbreak of, and to improve the method of fighting
or extinguishing, fires generally.
(2) Sections 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 21 and 22 of the
Commissions of Enquiry Act 1950 [Act 119] shall, with the necessary
modifications and to such extent as may be applicable, apply to
an enquiry under subsection (1) and to any person holding the
enquiry as if the enquiry and the person were respectively an
enquiry and a Commissioner under that Act.


Taking possession of premises and other property damaged or
destroyed by fire
46. (1) Where, as a result of a fire, any premises or part of any
premises is rendered uninhabitable, the Director General may, at
any time within seven days after the occurrence of the fire, take
possession of the premises or part thereof and any other property
or thing damaged, or the remains of any other property or thing
destroyed, by the fire, and may retain possession of such premises,
part, property, or thing for a period not exceeding thirty days after
taking possession thereof, unless within that period a person or
persons have been appointed to hold an enquiry under section 45,
in which case the Director General may continue to retain possession
of the premises, part, property or thing until the completion of the
enquiry.
Fire Services 31
(2) Where possession of any premises or a part of any premises
has been taken by the Director General under subsection (1), the
Director General may, wherever necessary, cause a barrier or barriers
to be put up around the premises or part thereof.
(3) The Director General shall thereafter post up notices, in
such positions that a person approaching the premises or part from
any direction will be able to notice one of the notices by the time
he reaches any or any part of the barriers, informing the public that
possession of the premises or part has been taken by the Fire
Services Department and that entry into the premises or part is
prohibited.


Unauthorized presence in premises possession whereof has been
taken under section 46
47. Any person who, without the permission of a Fire Officer,
enters or remains in any premises or part of any premises, possession
whereof has been taken by the Director General under section 46,
shall be guilty of an offence.
PART VIII
WELFARE FUND


Establishment of Fund
48. (1) There shall be established a fund to be known as the
“Fire Services Department Welfare Fund” which shall be operated
as a Trust Account within the Federal Consolidated Fund.
(2) The Fund shall consist of—
(a) all fines inflicted upon Fire Officers in any disciplinary
proceedings;
(b) one-half of the sums paid for the services of Fire Officers
detailed to do special duty under section 50 and for the
use of equipment furnished therefor;
(c) all sums of moneys and other property offered to Fire
Officers and forfeited by an order of court;
32 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
(d) donations or reward offered to the Fund or to individual
members of the Fire Services Department respectively
and accepted by the Director General;
(e) income arising from the disposal of property or investments
purchased or arising from the moneys of the Fund;
(f) all sums of moneys or benefit derived from the sponsoring
of seminars or other events; and
(g) all sums of moneys contributed by the Government.


Fire Services Department Welfare Fund Committee
48A. (1) There shall be established a Fire Services Department
Welfare Fund Committee which shall have the control of the Fund.
(2) The Committee shall consist of the following members:
(a) the Director General as Chairman;
(b) two Senior Fire Officers to be appointed by the Minister;
and
(c) two public officers to be appointed by the Minister.
(3) No meeting of the Committee shall be held in the absence
of the Director General.
(4) The quorum for meetings of the Committee shall be three.
(5) Subject to this Act, the Committee shall have power to
regulate its proceedings.


Moneys for Fund to be raised only with consent
48B. (1) No person shall carry on any activity to raise moneys
for the Fund without the prior written consent of the Committee.
(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty
of an offence.
Fire Services 33


Administration and application of Fund
49. The Fund shall be administered in accordance with regulations
made under this Act, and applied—
(a) in recompensing Fire Officers for extra or special services
rendered by them;
(b) for the purpose of—
(i) procuring comforts, convenience and other benefits,
which are not chargeable to public revenue, for;
or
(ii) granting loans to,
Fire Officers, former Fire Officers who have retired on
pension, gratuity or other allowance or persons who were
wholly or partially dependent on deceased Fire Officers or
former Fire Officers at the time of their death.
PART IX
MISCELLANEOUS


Special duty and expenses thereof
50. (1) On the application of any person, the Director General
may, if he thinks fit, detail any authorized officer to do special
duty in, upon or about any premises, vessel, vehicle, aircraft or
any moveable structures specified by the applicant and, for that
purpose, furnish such equipment as he may deem necessary.
(2) The applicant shall pay to the Director General for the
services of any authorized officer so detailed and for the use of
equipment so furnished such fees as may be prescribed.


Interfering with Fire Officers in execution of his duty
51. Any person who wilfully abuses, assaults, disturbs, hinders,
obstructs, or interferes with any Fire Officer or Auxiliary Fire
Officer acting in the execution of his duty or any other person
assisting the Fire Services Department under specific directions of
the officer-in-charge shall be guilty of an offence.
34 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341


Failure to comply with direction
52. Any person who fails to comply with any direction given by
an authorized officer carrying out his duty under this Act shall be
guilty of an offence.


Unauthorized wearing of uniform
53. Any person who, not being a Fire Officer or an Auxiliary Fire
Officer, wears without the permission of the Director General any
uniform of the Fire Services Department or any dress which bears
the distinctive marks of, or which is likely to be mistaken for, any
such uniform shall be guilty of an offence.


Falsification of documents, false statements, etc.
54. Any person who—
(a) with intent to deceive, makes or forges a fire certificate
or has in his possession an unauthorized fire certificate;
(b) on the application of a fire certificate, makes any statement
or gives any information that he knows to be false in a
material particular or recklessly makes any statement or
gives any information that is so false;
(c) in purported compliance with any obligation to give
information under this Act, gives any information that he
knows to be false in a material particular or recklessly
gives any information that is so false; or
(d) makes in any register, book, notice, or other document
required under this Act to be kept, served, or given, any
entry that he knows to be false in a material particular,
shall be guilty of an offence.


Offences in respect of fire alarm
55. Any person who damages, conceals, activates or deactivates
any fire alarm without reasonable excuse shall be guilty of an
offence.
Fire Services 35


Giving of false report of fire
56. Any person who wilfully gives or causes to be given a false
report of fire or other calamity shall be guilty of an offence.


Offences by body corporate
57. (1) Where an offence under this Act committed by a body
corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or
connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of,
any director, manager, secretary, or other similar officer of the
body corporate, or any person purporting to act in any such capacity,
he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence.
(2) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its
members, subsection (1) shall apply in relation to the acts and
defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management
as if he were a director of the body corporate.


General penalty
58. Any person guilty of an offence under this Act for which no
penalty is expressly provided shall, on conviction, be liable to a
fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a
term not exceeding three years or to both.


Compounding of offences
59. (1) The Director General or any Fire Officer authorized by
him in writing may compound any offence, which is prescribed to
be a compoundable offence, by accepting from the person reasonably
suspected of having committed such offence a sum of money not
exceeding five hundred ringgit:
Provided that the Director General or the officer so authorized
shall not exercise his powers under this section unless that person
in writing admits that he has committed the offence and requests
the Director General or such officer to deal with the offence under
this section.
(2) On the payment of such sum of money the person reasonably
suspected of having committed an offence, if in custody, shall be
released and no further proceedings shall be taken against such
person.
36 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341


Power to apply Act to vessels and movable structures
60. The provisions of this Act shall apply, subject to such
modifications as may be prescribed, to—
(a) vessels remaining moored or on dry land for such periods
or in such circumstances as may be prescribed; and
(b) tents and other movable structures.


Service of notices and other documents
61. (1) A notice or other document may be served on a person
or body for the purpose of this Act—
(a) by delivering the notice or document to the person; or
(b) by delivering the notice or document—
(i) at the person’s usual or last known abode or place
of business, to his servant or to an adult member
of his family; or
(ii) at the body’s registered office or usual or last
known place of business, to its servant or agent;
or
(c) by leaving the notice or document in a cover addressed
to the person or body—
(i) at the person’s usual or last known abode or place
of business; or
(ii) at the body’s registered office or usual or last
known place of business; or
(d) by sending the notice or document by pre-paid registered
post to the person or body—
(i) at the person’s usual or last known abode or place
of business; or
(ii) at the body’s registered office or usual or last
known place of business.
(2) If the name or the address of any owner or occupier of
premises on whom any such notice or other document as aforesaid
is to be served cannot after reasonable inquiry be ascertained by
Fire Services 37
the person seeking to serve it, the notice or document may be
served by addressing it to the person on whom it is to be served
by the description of “owner” or “occupier” of the premises
(describing them) to which the notice or document relates, and by
delivering it to some responsible person resident or appearing to
be resident on the premises, or, if there is no such person to whom
it can be delivered, by affixing it or a copy of it to some conspicuous
part of the premises.
(3) A notice or document served by pre-paid registered post
under paragraph (1)(d) shall be deemed to have been served at the
time when the letter containing the notice or document would be
delivered in the ordinary course of post; and it shall be sufficient
proof of service that the letter was properly addressed in accordance
with that paragraph and placed in the post; but where the letter is
returned through the post undelivered, the notice or document
shall not be deemed to have been served.
(4) In this section, “body” includes a body corporate or
partnership.


Power to make regulations
62. (1) The Minister may make regulations for the better carrying
out of the purposes and the provisions of this Act, and in particular,
but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, for all or
any of the following matters:
(a) regulating the manufacture, sale, installation, testing,
servicing, and recharging of fire-fighting equipment or
fire safety installation;
(b) prescribing the types, locations, and testing of fire fighting
equipment or fire safety installation used in any premises;
(c) regulating the establishment of fire-brigades in private
organizations, educational institutions and voluntary
organizations;
(ca) regulating the establishment of voluntary fire-brigades;
(d) regulating the establishment of fire safety organization
in designated premises;
(e) prescribing the uniforms, rank markings, identification
cards and necessaries to be supplied to Fire Officers and
Auxiliary Fire Officers;
38 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
(f) providing for all matters relating to Auxiliary Fire Officers,
including their duties, powers, allowances and
compensation;
(g) prescribing the code of conduct of Fire Officers;
(h) prohibiting, restricting, or controlling the burning by any
person of forest, shrub, or other vegetation in any area;
(i) regulating all matters relating to fire safety and fire
precautions;
(j) prohibiting, restricting, or controlling the burning of
flammable materials;
(k) regulating the transportation, use, handling, or storage of
flammable materials;
(l) prescribing the fees payable under the provisions of this
Act;
(m) prescribing matters that may be or are required to be
prescribed;
(n) prescribing the offences under this Act which may be
compounded, the procedure to be followed and the forms
to be used in compounding;
(o) regulating the administration of the Fire Services
Department Welfare Fund.
(2) The Minister may, in regulations made under subsection
(1), prescribe penalties of a fine not exceeding one thousand ringgit
or imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or both for
the contravention of any provision of such regulations and, in the
case of a continuing offence, a sum not exceeding one hundred
ringgit for each day during which such offence is continued after
conviction.


Repeal
63. (1) Part X of the Local Government Act 1976 [Act 171] is
repealed.
(2) The Fire Service Enactment of the State of Sabah [En. 12
of 1971] is repealed.
Fire Services 39
FIRST SCHEDULE
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
FORM A
[Subsection 8(1)]
FIRE-HAZARD ABATEMENT NOTICE
To....................................................................
........................................................................
........................................................................
TAKE NOTICE that the Director General of Fire Services†, being satisfied of the
existence in .......................................................................................................
(premises)
of a fire-hazard, being..................................................................................................
(describe the fire-hazard)
do hereby, pursuant to subsection 8(1) of the Fire Services Act 1988, require
you, within..............................................................................................from the
service of this notice, (1) to abate the fire-hazard, and for that purpose to
.........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
(specify the works to be executed)
and (2)* to do whatever is necessary for preventing the recurrence of the fireazard
and for that purpose to ................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
(specify the works to be executed)
TAKE NOTICE THAT if you fail to comply with any requirement of this notice
within the time specified, you will be committing an offence for which, on
conviction, you may be liable to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or
to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to both and to a further
fine of one hundred ringgit for each day during which the offence is continued
after conviction.
Dated the..............day of.......................20.........
.........................................................
(Director General of Fire Services)
†“or any Fire Officer to whom the Director General has delegated his power”.
* Delete if the need does not arise.
40 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
FORM B
[Subsection 8(2)]
SUBSEQUENT FIRE-HAZARD ABATEMENT NOTICE
To....................................................................
........................................................................
........................................................................
TAKE NOTICE that the Director General of Fire Services†, being satisfied that
the fire-hazard for the abatement of which a fire-hazard abatement notice dated
the..............day of............was served on you* [and which has since been abated]
is likely to recur in ...........................................................................................
(premises)
do hereby, pursuant to subsection 8(2) of the Fire Services Act 1988, require
you, within......................................................................................from the service
of this notice, to do whatever is necessary for preventing the recurrence of the
fire-hazard, and for that purpose to...............................................................................
(specify the works to be executed)
TAKE NOTICE that if you fail to comply with any requirement of this notice within
the time specified, you will be committing an offence for which, on conviction,
you may be liable to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding three years or to both and to a further fine of one
hundred ringgit for each day during which the offence is continued after conviction.
Dated the..............day of.......................20.........
........................................................
(Director General of Fire Services)
†“or any Fire Officer to whom the Director General has delegated his power”.
* Delete if the hazard has not been abated.
Fire Services 41
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
FORM C
[Subsection 13(2)]
NOTICE TO SHOW CAUSE
WHEREAS complaint has been received by me from................................................
...........................................................................................................................
(name and rank of Fire Officer)
that.....................................................................................................................
(substance of the complaint received)
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT................................................................................
(respondent)
do attend at the Magistrate’s Court at..............................................................
on the ................................... day of ........................................................, 20.........
at............................................o’clock to show cause why a closing order should
not be made in respect of...................................................................................
(premises)
Given under my hand and the seal of the court, this............................day
of....................., 20........
(SEAL)
Magistrate
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
FORM D
[Subsection 13(3)]
CLOSING ORDER
WHEREAS the Director General of Fire Services †has, by way of a complaint,
applied to this court for a closing order in respect of..................................................
...........................................................................................................................
(premises)
on the grounds..................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
42 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
AND WHEREAS...............................................................................................,
the owner of the premises, and........................................................................,
the occupier of the premises, have been served with a notice calling on them
to show cause why a closing order should not be made* [and the said....................
...........................................................................................................................
have/has failed to show cause, and the said......................................................
have/has failed to appear to show cause]:
NOW, on being satisfied that such use of the premises as is specified hereunder
may materially increase the likelihood of a fire or other calamity or the danger
to life or property resulting from the outbreak of a fire or the occurrence of
any other calamity and that therefore it is necessary to prohibit such use, I, in
pursuance of subsection 13(2) of the Fire Services Act 1988, do hereby prohibit
the following use of the premises, that is to say..............................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
Given under my hand and the seal of the court this.......................day
of.....................20........
(SEAL) Magistrate
† “or any Fire Officer to whom the Director General has delegated his power”.
* Modify as circumstances require.
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
FORM E
[Subsection 35(2)]
NOTICE TO SHOW CAUSE
WHEREAS complaint has been received by me from.............................................
..........................................................................................................................
(name and rank of Fire Officer)
that.....................................................................................................................
(substance of the complaint received)
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT..............................................................................
(respondent)
do attend at the Magistrate’s Court at.............................................................
on the...............................day of................................................., 20.....................
at ............o’clock to show cause why a prohibitory order should not be made
in respect of.......................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
(premises)
Fire Services 43
Given under my hand and the seal of the court, this.......................day
of....................., 20........
(SEAL)
Magistrate
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
FORM F
[Subsection 35(3)]
PROHIBITORY ORDER
WHEREAS the Director General of Fire Services has, by way of a complaint,
applied to this court for a prohibitory order in respect of...........................................
...........................................................................................................................
(premises)
on the grounds...................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
AND WHEREAS ................................................................................................,
the owner of the premises, and.................................................................., the
occupier of the premises, have been served with a notice calling on them to
show cause why a prohibitory order should not be made* [and the said.....................
...........................................................................................................................
have/has failed to show cause, and the said.........................................................
have/has failed to appear to show cause]:
NOW, on being satisfied that such use of the premises as is specified hereunder
would be a risk to person or property in case of fire and that therefore it is
necessary to prohibit such use, I, in pursuance of subsection 35(2) of the Fire
Services Act 1988, hereby *prohibit the use of the above-said premises/restrict
the use of the above-said premises, that is to say.....................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
44 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
Given under my hand and the seal of the court, this.......................day
of...................., .20........
(SEAL)
Magistrate
†“ or any Fire Officer to whom the Director General has delegated his power”.
* Modify as circumstances require.
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
FORM G
[Subsection 35A(1)]
ORDER TO CEASE ACTIVITY
WHEREAS the Director General of Fire Services is satisfied that there is in
respect of...........................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
(premises)
an activity, namely......................................................................................and
that any continuation of this activity would constitute an immediate danger of
fire prejudicial to the safety of life and property;
AND WHEREAS the Director General of Fire Services is satisfied that any delay
occasioned by an application for, and the obtaining of, a prohibitory order from
the High Court would substantially increase the risk to such life or property:
NOW THEREFORE I, in pursuance of subsection 35A(1) of the Fire Services Act
1988, hereby order that the activity of..................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
in the above-said premises do cease forthwith.
Dated the.....................day of ..................... 20..............
..........................................................
(Director General of Fire Services)
Fire Services 45
SECOND SCHEDULE
[Subsections 3(6) and 3(7)]
[A] RANKS OF FIRE OFFICERS
Commissioner
Deputy Commissioner
Senior Assistant Commissioner
Assistant Commissioner
Senior Superintendent
Superintendent
Probationary Superintendent
Senior Assistant Superintendent
Assistant Superintendent
Probationary Assistant Superintendent
Fire Officer Grade I
Fire Officer Grade II
Fire Officer Grade III
Probationary Fire Officer Grade III
Chief Fireman
Senior Fireman
Fireman
[B] RANKS OF AUXILIARY FIRE OFFICERS
Fire Officer Grade III
Probationary Fire Officer Grade III
Chief Fireman
Senior Fireman
Fireman
46 Laws of Malaysia ACT 341
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 341
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
LIST OF AMENDMENTS
Amending law Short title In force from
Act A799 Fire Services (Amendment) Act 12-04-1991
1991
Act A879 Fire Services (Amendment) Act 04-03-1994
1994
Fire Services 47
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 341
FIRE SERVICES ACT 1988
LIST OF SECTIONS AMENDED
Section Amended authority In force from
2 Act A799 12-04-1991
3 Act A879 04-03-1994
7 Act A879 04-03-1994
8 Act A879 04-03-1994
13 Act A879 04-03-1994
35A Act A879 04-03-1994
35B Act A879 04-03-1994
48 Act A799 12-04-1991
48A Act A799 12-04-1991
48B Act A879 04-03-1994
49 Act A799 12-04-1991
First Schedule Act A879 04-03-1994
Second Schedule Act A879 04-03-1994
DICETAK OLEH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BERHAD,
KUALA LUMPUR
BAGI PIHAK DAN DENGAN PERINTAH KERAJAAN MALAYSIA

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